From HealthNewsDigest.com

Food/Nutrition Columnist
Ban Trans Fats?
By
Mar 3, 2014 - 12:04:52 AM

(HealthNewsDigest.com) - Trans fats were added to our food supply in the early 1900s as a response to a shortage of butterfat. As time went on and science evolved, experts felt these hardened vegetable oil products (think margarine and shortening) were healthier for us than butter and animal fats. Time and knowledge continued to march on and we now know that trans fats may put people at greater risk for heart disease than any other fat we eat.

Steps have been taken to reduce the amount of trans fat in foods. In 2006, trans fat values were added to the nutrition label. This spurred manufacturers to reformulate and remove trans fat from thousands of foods. Today, it is estimated that we eat 1 gram of trans fat a day, down from 4.6 grams in 2003. Though consumption is down, even this little bit of trans fat eaten each day can be harmful. It has been estimated that if we could lower the intake below 1 gram per person per day, 10,000 lives would be saved from heart disease each year.

You are wondering - what exactly are trans fats? Why are they so unhealthy to eat? And, why can't they simply be removed from food?  What is all the fuss?

Carolyn O'Neil, MS, RD, LD, nutrition consultant for BestFoodFacts.org and author says, "Trans fat increases the shelf life, palatability and texture of foods, but they shorten the shelf life of people who eat them regularly." Herein lays the dilemma. Trans fats are an industrial, functional, food ingredient. They are produced by spraying vegetable oils with hydrogen molecules to achieve a desired consistency of solid fat. You will find trans fat listed in the ingredients list as hydrogenated fat or partially hydrogenated fat.

You are most likely to find trans fat in:

Deep-fried restaurant foods

Cakes

Coffee creamers

Cookies

Crackers

Frozen pie crust

Frozen pies

Frozen pizza

Microwave popcorn

Ready-to-use frostings

Refrigerated dough

Shortening

Stick margarine

You can't go to the store and buy a package of trans fat. It is added to foods to replace other solid fats, like butter or lard, to give crackers crispness, cakes a moist crumb, pie crusts flakiness, and ready-to-use frosting the ability to spread easily. To replace these functions, and not put back butter or lard, is no easy task. Trans fats also have a high smoking point. When added to oils used for frying, the oils are more stable and can be used for many more batches of food. That is why restaurant French fries and deep fried foods are higher in trans fat. For those that eat out often, their intake may be much higher than the average 1 gram a day.

Many foods on the supermarket shelf proudly announce on the label that they are trans fat free. This might not always be the case because of a labeling loophole. If a serving of food has 0.49 grams of trans fat the label may list zero. If you eat multiple serving of this food the amount of trans fat will add up. For a person eating 2000 calories a day, the recommended amount of trans fat is less than 1% of calories or less than 2 grams of trans fat each day.

Eating trans fats raise your risk for heart disease more than any other fat because they:

For every 2% increase in trans fats eaten, your heart disease risk jumps by more than 20%.

Currently, trans fats are included in the FDA's Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) ingredient list. Ingredients on this list can be added to foods without any oversight or prior approval. In November 2013 the agency called for removing, or banning, trans fats from the GRAS list. The comment period for this recommendation is open until early March 2014. After that the FDA will review the evidence and make a decision. If trans fats are removed from the GRAS list, food manufacturers will have to request approval to use the ingredient in foods they are producing. There is still time for you to make your concerns heard on this issue at:

https://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2013/12/31/2013-31294/tentative-determination-regarding-partially-hydrogenated-oils-request-for-comments-and-for

Bottom line: When it comes to trans fats, less is best.

For more information finding trans fat in foods take a look at my latest book The Fat and Cholesterol Counter (Pocket Books) which list the trans fat values for more than 10,000 foods.

© NRH Nutrition Consultants, Inc.

Jo-Ann Heslin, MA, RD, CDN is a registered dietitian and the author of the nutrition counter series for Pocket Books with sales of more than 8.5 million books.

Look for:

The Diabetes Counter, 5th Ed., 2014

The Fat and Cholesterol Counter, 2014

The Most Complete Food Counter, 3rd ed., 2013

The Calorie Counter, 6th Ed., 2013

The Complete Food Counter, 4th ed., 2012

The Protein Counter, 3rd Ed., 2011

The Ultimate Carbohydrate Counter, 3rd Ed., 2010

The Healthy Wholefoods Counter, 2008

Your Complete Food Counter App: http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/your-complete-food-counter/id444558777?mt=8

For more information on Jo-Ann and her books, go to: www.TheNutritionExperts.com.

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