How bad is prescription drug abuse? Consider these facts and stats:
** Forty-five people die every day from overdosing on opioid prescription painkillers, and that’s more deaths than fatal heroin and cocaine overdoses combined.
** According to a SAMHSA report entitled “Behavioral Health Trends in the United States: Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health,” 4.3 million Americans engaged in non-medical use of prescription painkillers, just in the month prior to its issuance.
** According to data from 2011, the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) reported that more than 1.2 million ER visits could be attributed to the non-medical use of prescription drugs. Roughly 488,000, or 39.2 percent, of these visits involved prescription opioid pain relievers--nearly three times the rate from 2005.
It’s not just the regulators who are weighing in on the problem. CVS Health just released a report entitled “Public Opinion of Prescription Drug Abuse and Disposal.” 2,000 registered voters--representative of the American electorate--were surveyed.
Here are a few key findings...
1. Nearly one-third of people report being personally impacted by the issue of prescription drug abuse, and nearly 40 percent say the number of people they know who have been personally impacted by the issue increased in the last year.
2. 75 percent of respondents believe the problem of prescription drug abuse is tied to people who take medication prescribed for someone else.
3. Nearly one-third of people had unused prescription meds that they or a family member were no longer taking.
4. Nearly one-fifth said that they or someone they know has had prescription meds stolen from their home.
Admirably, CVS Health is a strong advocate of taking back the meds. Well over 100 CVS Pharmacy locations will be among the many sites across the country accepting unwanted prescription medication, for this year’s take-back day. CVS has also donated more than 750 year-round drug disposal collection units to law enforcement agencies nationwide, via its Medication Disposal for Safer Communities Program.
The addiction treatment community has rallied support for Take-Back Day, as well. Indra Cidambi, M.D., Medical Director, Center for Network Therapy offers her insights:
“Storing medications that are no longer needed may lead to serious health problems, if teenagers or even young adults in their homes ingest them accidentally or use them in an attempt to self medicate because of the misconception that it is safe to use as it was prescribed by a physician.”
“When an individual tosses medications in the trash or down the drain, the medication can eventually seep into groundwater. A glaring example is in Africa--a root used to treat pain by West African healers was found to have high levels of opiates. It was later discovered that people in the region used Tramadol (a synthetic opiate) heavily and human waste seeped into ground water and soil where the vegetation absorbed it!”
Dr. Cidambi is so right. Throwing unused medicines in the trash is better than flushing, but it does not adequately protect people and our environment from exposure to potentially dangerous drugs. Take-back events and related collection facilities are the best method. More reasons why are presented by the State of Washington.
Drug diversion is a serious problem, and one of its elements hardest to control is the misuse of prescription meds already in the home. It’s time to do your part.
Michael D. Shaw