Advanced Search
Current and Breaking News for Professionals, Consumers and Media

Click here to learn how to advertise on this site and for ad rates.

Women's Health Author: Staff Editor Last Updated: Jul 7, 2016 - 5:36:25 PM

Many U.S. Women at Risk of Unintended Pregnancy Use Withdrawal

By Staff Editor
Jun 6, 2014 - 11:15:24 AM

Email Newsletter icon, E-mail Newsletter icon, Email List icon, E-mail List icon Sign up for our Ezine
For Email Marketing you can trust

Email this article
 Printer friendly page

( - One-third of women at risk of unintended pregnancy used withdrawal as a contraceptive method within the past 30 days, often in combination or rotation with more effective methods, according to "Pull and Pray or Extra Protection? Contraceptive Strategies Involving Withdrawal Among U.S. Adult Women," by Rachel K. Jones of the Guttmacher Institute et al. The new study, which is currently available online and will appear in a forthcoming issue ofContraception, also found that 13% of women surveyed reported that withdrawal was the most effective contraceptive method they had used in the last 30 days, while 15% reported that the most effective method used was a long-acting reversible method, 21% condoms and 35% the pill.

The study analyzed national data from 3,276 women aged 18-39 in 2012. It found that among the one-third of women who had used withdrawal in the last 30 days, 12% reported using only withdrawal; the majority of women who practiced withdrawal also used a hormonal method (13%) or condoms (11%) within that time frame.

Women aged 18-24 also were the most likely to have used withdrawal at least once in the last 30 days, and reliance on withdrawal generally decreased as women's age increased. Moreover, younger women were especially likely to use withdrawal in combination or rotation with more effective methods such as IUDs, the injectable, patches and rings, or with condoms. Although 41% of 18-24-year-olds had used withdrawal at least once in the last 30 days, just 10% relied only on this method. Women in dating relationships and those strongly motivated to avoid pregnancy also had some of the highest levels of combining withdrawal use with condoms or highly effective methods.

"Some couples who use withdrawal may be more vigilant about preventing pregnancy than those who do not," said Dr. Jones, the study's lead author. "These users might be choosing to ‘double up' because they perceive the consequences of unintended pregnancy to be especially dire for them."

Since substantial minorities of couples are using withdrawal, the authors recommend that providers discuss both the pros and cons of the method with patients. They note that while withdrawal is only slightly less effective than condoms at preventing pregnancy, providers should emphasize that the method does not protect against STIs.

"Pull and Pray or Extra Protection? Contraceptive Strategies Involving Withdrawal Among U.S. Adult Women," by Rachel K. Jones et al., is currently available online and will appear in an upcoming issue of Contraception.

For more information:

Better Than Nothing or Savvy Risk-Reduction Practice? The Importance of Withdrawal


The Guttmacher sexual and reproductive health worldwide through research, policy analysis and public education.

Connect with us






For advertising/promotional opportunities on call Mike McCurdy at: 877-634-9180. Email at: [email protected] We have 7,000 journalists as subscribers.

Top of Page

Women's Health
Latest Headlines

+ Pregnancy Increases Stroke Risk In Young Women, But Not In Older Women
+ Are Hot Flashes Genetic?
+ Preventing Infection After C-Section
+ Women with Hearing Loss More Likely to Have Preterm or Low Weight Babies
+ Exploring How Women’s Reproductive Health and Mental Health Intersect
+ Number of Women in Need of Publicly Funded Family Planning Services Increased by One Million Between 2010 and 2014
+ Menopause Study Finds Heart Disease Risk Jumps for Women Under 45
+ Female Sex Hormone May Protect Women From Worst Effects of the Flu
+ The Joy of Labor and Delivery
+ Pregnant Women Can Lower Their Risk Of Birth Defects With A Flu Shot

Contact Us | Job Listings | Help | Site Map | About Us
Advertising Information | HND Press Release | Submit Information | Disclaimer

Site hosted by Sanchez Productions