Sex Poses Little Risk of Triggering Sudden Cardiac Arrest
Nov 13, 2017 - 7:21:14 AM
Researchers led by Sumeet Chugh, MD, associate director of the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, analyzed data from the community-based Oregon Sudden Unexpected Death Study. More than 4,500 cases since 2002 were examined as part of the study, and only 34 cases occurred during or within an hour of engaging in sex. All reported cases were based on emergency medical service reports containing detailed information regarding the cause of the cardiac arrest.
“People will ask their doctors if sex increases their risk of sudden death, and we’ve never had the answer before because there never was a study,” said Chugh, the study’s senior author and a highly respected expert on sudden cardiac arrest. “Over the years, we’ve had a fair bit of data on physical activity and how it’s related to sudden cardiac arrest, but no one had looked specifically at sexual activity. The risk is very small.”
Sudden cardiac arrest occurs when an electrical impulse goes awry and the heart suddenly stops beating, halting blood flow to the brain and other vital organs. It usually causes death, if it’s not treated within minutes.
Patients who experienced sudden cardiac arrest linked to sexual activity had higher rates of ventricular fibrillation – a serious cardiac rhythm disturbance – and tachycardia, a higher-than-normal heart rate. The majority of cases were men who had a previous history of heart diseases.
Other findings include:
Though all patients included in the study had their sudden cardiac arrest witnessed by another person, less than a third received CPR. Bystanders performed chest compressions on 27 percent of the non sexual activity patients, while 32 percent of the patients who had a sudden cardiac arrest during or immediately after sex received CPR.
“This highlights the importance of continued efforts to educate the public on the importance of CPR, no matter the circumstance,” Chugh said.
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