Black and Hispanic parents in our survey were even more likely to believe that their children were impacted by unhealthy food marketing, and said they were more willing to do something about it.— Jennifer Harris
Support for policies to promote healthy eating habits for their children in the media, schools, and communities increased between 2012 and 2015 among parents surveyed for this study, with black and Hispanic parents significantly more likely to express support than white parents. The new report updates findings from a 2012 Rudd Center report with new data collected from 2012 to 2015. The report is available at www.UConnRuddCenter.org/ParentAttitudes.
“Most of the parents surveyed indicated they are willing to take action to improve food marketing to children,” says the study’s lead author Jennifer Harris, director of marketing initiatives for the UConn Rudd Center and associate professor of allied health science in the College of Agriculture, Health, and Natural Resources. “Black and Hispanic parents in our survey were even more likely to believe that their children were impacted by unhealthy food marketing, and said they were more willing to do something about it.”
Rudd Center researchers surveyed 3,608 parents with children between the ages of two and 17 to measure attitudes about food marketing and food industry self-regulation, and assess support for policies to promote healthy eating for their children.
The researchers used a cross-sectional sample of parents to compare responses by sociodemographic characteristics, including black, Hispanic, and lower-income parents, and changes in responses from 2012 to 2015. Although the responses are not representative of the entire U.S. population, the findings highlight opportunities to address parents’ concerns about food marketing to their children.
From 2012 to 2015, there was an increase in the percentage of parents who agreed that food companies are improving the nutrition of products marketed to children and making positive changes to reduce childhood obesity, and that food companies had delivered on their pledges to promote only healthier choices in advertising to children.
However, the majority of parents surveyed also agreed that food companies do not act responsibly when they advertise to children and they make it difficult for parents to raise healthy children.
Moreover, two-thirds of parents surveyed agreed that food companies should limit unhealthy food advertising to children up to at least age 14. Current voluntary food industry self-regulatory pledges (made through the Children’s Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative) apply only to advertising directed to children up to age 11.
The report’s other key findings include:
- On average, more than 60 percent of parents surveyed supported an array of policies to promote healthy eating habits for their children in the media, schools, and communities.
- The majority of parents indicated they would take a variety of actions to encourage companies to reduce unhealthy food marketing to children, including to stop purchasing unhealthy products advertised to children, talk to other parents about food marketing, and sign an online petition to encourage companies to reduce unhealthy food marketing.
- Black and Hispanic parents perceived many factors in the food environment to be greater obstacles to ensuring healthy eating habits for their children, compared with white non-Hispanic parents, including unhealthy food advertising and other factors such as easy access to fast food and unhealthy food in schools.
The findings highlight numerous opportunities for policy makers, the public health community, and food and media companies to help support parents in their efforts to raise healthy children, according to the report. These findings also indicate that parents would participate in advocacy campaigns to demand improvements in food marketing to children, and that such actions would be most welcomed in communities of color, where children are also exposed to greater amounts of unhealthy food marketing.
“It was encouraging to see in our results that most parents are aware that unhealthy food and drinks were the categories advertised most often to their children,” Harris says. “However, the results also show that parents are not aware of just how often children see advertising for these products, or about the newer ways that food companies reach their kids, such as through social media and on mobile devices. These emerging challenges will have to be addressed in order to ensure a healthier food environment for children.”
The study was funded by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The views expressed in this report do not necessarily reflect the views of the foundation.
Report co-authors include Karen Haraghey, Yoon-Young Choi and France