According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, approximately 3 million children and adolescents 14 and under get hurt annually playing sports or participating in recreational activities. More than 775,000 children and adolescents 14 and under are treated in hospital emergency rooms for sports-related injuries each year. Most of these injuries are traumatic in nature and occur as a result of falls, being struck by an object, collisions, and overexertion during unorganized or informal sports activities.
More concerning, says Dr. McCambridge, is the exponential increase in the number of overuse injuries experienced by young children today. These types of injuries are often the result of excessive training year-round or a rapid ramp up of activity after a period of inactivity. This scenario is common at the onset of any sports season.
Dr. McCambridge suggests these tips to ensure children's safety when they return to school sports:
-- Four to six weeks prior to the onset of any sports season, children
should start exercising regularly to get ready for their season.
-- Acclimate children to hot weather workouts by gradually increasing time
outdoors in the heat and humidity. Acclimatization should occur for
about the first 10 days to two weeks of practice to help prevent heat
-- Make sure children drink plenty of fluids and take frequent breaks:
every 10-15 minutes while participating in sports or physical activity.
Also make sure they wear light clothing and limit their exposure to the
sun in the hottest part of the day. Applying towels soaked in ice cubes
and water to the head and neck helps to stay cool.
-- When heat illness is suspected, move the athlete into the shade or
coolest area nearby. Try to cool them as quickly as possible by exposing
the skin to ice/cold water and cool circulating air.
-- Young athletes with asthma should use preventative inhalers 20-30
minutes before exercise, do a gradual warm-up and should have an inhaler
available to them during practices and during competition.
-- Make sure children wear any recommended protective equipment and ensure
it is well-fitted. Protective equipment, such as helmets, can help
prevent severe injuries such as skull fractures. Many head injuries
result from helmets not being fitted or used correctly.
-- Remind children to immediately tell the coach or trainer if they feel
dizzy, "foggy," have a lapse in memory, or have a headache after taking
a blow to the head.
-- Parents need to be mindful that athletes who have symptoms affecting
their thought process after taking a blow to the head should not return
to the same practice, game or contest and should be evaluated by a
physician prior to return to play.
About Cincinnati Children's:
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center ranks third in the nation among all Honor Roll hospitals in U.S.News and World Report's 2011 Best Children's Hospitals ranking. It is ranked #1 for gastroenterology and in the top 10 for all pediatric specialties - a distinction shared by only two other pediatric hospitals in the United States. Cincinnati Children's is one of the top two recipients of pediatric research grants from the National Institutes of Health. It is internationally recognized for improving child health and transforming delivery of care through fully integrated, globally recognized research, education and innovation. Additional information can be found at www.cincinnatichildrens.org.
Web Site: http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org
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